Diseases and Disorders

Coronary Artery Disease (Arteriosclerosis)


DRG Category: 287

Mean LOS: 4.1 days

Description MEDICAL: Circulatory Disorders Except AMI, with Cardiac Catheterization without Major CC

DRG Category: 302

Mean LOS: 4.2 days

Description MEDICAL: Atherosclerosis with Major CC

classification section:

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death and illness in Western societies and accounts for 20% of all deaths. A number of conditions result from CAD, including angina, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death. CAD results when decreased blood flow through the coronary arteries causes inadequate delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the myocardium. The lumens of the coronary arteries become narrowed from either fatty fibrous plaques or calcium plaque deposits, thus reducing blood flow to the myocardium, which can lead to chest pain or even myocardial infarction (MI) and sudden cardiac death.

Plaque buildup in the coronary arteries is a result of arteriosclerosis, defined as thickening of the arterial walls' inner aspect and a loss of elasticity. Arterial walls may develop calcifications, which diminish the ability of the vessels to transport blood adequately. Atherosclerosis, the most common form of arteriosclerosis, produces yellowish plaques made up mostly of cholesterol and lipids that line the inner arterial wall. The process of atherosclerosis may be initiated by damage to the arterial endothelium. Plaque accumulation reduces the inner arterial lumen and leads to wall thickening, calcification, and reduced blood supply. Aging results in increased streaking of fatty substances and fibrous change in the arteries.

Coronary Artery Disease (Arteriosclerosis) has been found in Diseases and Disorders

If you are a registered user, please login below.

If not, learn more about gaining full access.


Forgot your password?

Forgot your username?

Try and Buy
Nursing Central puts five fully integrated references at your fingertips on mobile devices and the web. See how Nursing Central works by clicking the sample entries below or purchase a subscription for the web and your mobile device.

View these free topics online now.

Content Manager
Related Content