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DRG Category: 98
Mean LOS: 8.0 days
Description MEDICAL: Non-Bacterial Infect of Nervous System Except Viral Meningitis with CC
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS; also known as acute idiopathic demyelinating polyneuropathy) is an acute, rapidly progressing form of polyneuritis that results in a temporary, flaccid paralysis lasting for 4 to 8 weeks. Motor, sensory, and autonomic functions may be involved. The syndrome is characterized by a diffuse inflammation or demyelination (or both) of the ascending or descending peripheral nerves that leads to a viral illness and then paralysis.
Although the syndrome is considered to be a medical emergency, over 80% of persons who are affected with GBS recover their functional abilities completely. The remaining individuals have some degree of neurological deficit after recovery from the disease, which results in a chronic disability. Fewer than 5% of patients with GBS die, and usually, death is related to respiratory complications.