DRG Category: 233
Mean LOS: 13.7 days
Description SURGICAL: Coronary Bypass with Cardiac Catheter with Major CC
DRG Category: 234
Mean LOS: 8.7 days
Description SURGICAL: Coronary Bypass with Cardiac Catheter without Major CC
DRG Category: 235
Mean LOS: 11.1 days
Description SURGICAL: Coronary Bypass without Cardiac Catheter with Major CC
DRG Category: 236
Mean LOS: 6.5 days
Description SURGICAL: Coronary Bypass without Cardiac Catheter without Major CC
DRG Category: 280
Mean LOS: 6.8 days
Description MEDICAL: Acute Myocardial Infarction, Discharged Alive with Major CC
DRG Category: 315
Mean LOS: 4.4 days
Description MEDICAL: Other Circulatory System Diagnoses with CC
Myocardial infarction (MI) is irreversible myocardial tissue death. It occurs because of absent or diminished blood supply. MI is one of a spectrum of disorders called acute coronary syndromes (ACSs), which includes, among others, unstable angina and nonST-elevation MI. In the United States, approximately 1.5 million MIs occur each year, and approximately 500,000 to 700,000 people die each year from ischemic heart disease. MI is one of the most common causes of death, with a mortality rate of approximately 25%. In addition, more than 50% of sudden deaths occur within 1 hour of the onset of symptoms.
When myocardial tissue is deprived of oxygenated blood supply for a period of time, an area of myocardial necrosis develops; this necrosis is surrounded by injured and ischemic tissue. Pain usually develops from irritation of nerve endings in the ischemic and injured areas. The typical chest pain for adult males is a substernal, crushing pain that radiates down the left arm and up into the jaw. Women and elderly patients with MIs often experience an indigestion-type discomfort and shortness of breath instead of the "typical" substernal pressure.
Infarctions may be classified according to myocardial thickness and the location of affected tissue. Although the majority of MIs occur in the left ventricle, more right ventricular involvement is being recognized. Left ventricular infarctions are classified as inferior (diaphragmatic), anterior, and posterior. Right ventricular infarctions are usually not differentiated by a specific location. Transmural, or Q-wave, infarctions involve 50% or more of the total thickness of the ventricular wall and are characterized by abnormal Q waves and ST-T wave changes. Partial-thickness infarctions (also called subendocardial, nontransmural, and nonQ-wave infarcts) are characterized by ST-T wave changes but no abnormal Q waves.
Complications of MI include cardiac dysrhythmias, extension of the area of infarction, heart failure, and pericarditis. Rupture of the atrial or ventricular septum, valvular rupture, or rupture of the ventricles can occur as well. Other complications include ventricular aneurysms and cerebral and pulmonary emboli.
Myocardial Infarction has been found in Diseases and Disorders
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