1. An agent through which an effect is obtained.
2. A substance used for the cultivation of microorganisms or cellular tissue.
SEE: culture medium
3. A substance through which impulses are transmitted.
A substance that renders histological specimens transparent.
In radiology, a substance used to fill hollow organs or blood vessels to highlight their internal structure or distinguish them from neighboring anatomical features. The substance can be radiopaque and positive (such as barium sulfate, tri-iodinated media) or radiolucent and negative (such as air). Barium sulfate is a commonly used contrast agent for the gastrointestinal tract; it may be swallowed (for upper GI studies) or given as an enema (to visualize the colon).
SYN: SEE: radiocontrast
A substance on which microorganisms may grow. Those most commonly used are broths, gelatin, and agar, all of which contain the same basic ingredients.
In bacteriology, a culture medium in which the composition is accurately defined and carefully controlled. One of its uses is to investigate the influence of altering ingredients on bacterial cell growth characteristics.
A liquid in which a colloid is dispersed.
ABBR: HOCM A water-soluble contrast medium with high osmolarity. HOCMs increase the probability of an adverse reaction and are generally ionic.
ABBR: LOCM A water-soluble contrast medium with low osmolarity. LOCMs produce fewer undesired effects after intravascular administration than do high-osmolarity contrast media. They are generally nonionic, with the exception of Hexabrix (an ionic dimer).
SEE: Luria-Bertani medium
A water-soluble contrast medium whose molecules do not dissociate into cations and anions in solution. Nonionic contrast media tend to have low osmolarity. They decrease the risk of adverse reactions but are costly.
A fortified culture medium with added nutrient materials.
A substance injected into an anatomical structure to decrease the density, producing a dark area on the radiograph.
A substance injected into a cavity or region or passed through the gastrointestinal tract to increase x-ray absorption, producing an image with enhanced contrast between solid and hollow structures.
Any of the fluids and transparent tissues of the eye that refract light rays passing through them toward the retina: the cornea, aqueous humor, lens, and vitreous humor.
A phosphate-rich growth medium used to sustain cells (such as lymphocytes and macrophages or cancer cells) in laboratory culture.
A culture medium that inhibits the growth of some microorganisms so that organisms of greater interest can be isolated.
In dentistry, a substance applied to the surface of an impression or mold to prevent interaction of the materials and to facilitate their separation after casting.
SEE: Thayer-Martin medium
A nutrient solution used to maintain the freshness or viability of patient specimens as they are being carried to the laboratory for culture.
A derivative of tri-iodobenzoic acid that is the base for water-soluble contrast media. It contains three atoms of iodine per molecule.
ABBR: VTM A nutrient substance (usually a buffered liquid) used to carry and maintain the viability of specimens to a microbiology laboratory for identification and analysis of disease-producing viruses.
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