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Anion Gap

Anion Gap is a topic covered in the Davis's Lab & Diagnostic Tests.

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General

Synonym/Acronym:
Agap.

Common Use:
To assist in diagnosing metabolic disorders that result in metabolic acidosis and electrolyte imbalance such as severe dehydration.

Specimen:
Serum for electrolytes (sodium, potassium, chloride, and carbon dioxide) collected in a gold-, red-, or red/gray-top tube. Plasma collected in a green-top (heparin) tube is also acceptable.

Normal Findings:
(Method: Anion gap is derived mathematically from the direct measurement of sodium, chloride, and total carbon dioxide.) There are differences between serum and plasma values for some electrolytes. The reference ranges listed are based on serum values.

AgeConventional and SI Units
Child or adult8–16 mmol/L

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Citation

Bladh, Mickey Lynn., and Anne M. Van Leeuwen. "Anion Gap." Davis's Lab & Diagnostic Tests, 7th ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Nursing Central, nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Davis-Lab-and-Diagnostic-Tests/425187/all/Anion_Gap.
Bladh ML, Van Leeuwen AM. Anion Gap. Davis's Lab & Diagnostic Tests. 7th ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Davis-Lab-and-Diagnostic-Tests/425187/all/Anion_Gap. Accessed April 21, 2019.
Bladh, M. L., & Van Leeuwen, A. M. (2017). Anion Gap. In Davis's Lab & Diagnostic Tests. Available from https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Davis-Lab-and-Diagnostic-Tests/425187/all/Anion_Gap
Bladh ML, Van Leeuwen AM. Anion Gap [Internet]. In: Davis's Lab & Diagnostic Tests. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 April 21]. Available from: https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Davis-Lab-and-Diagnostic-Tests/425187/all/Anion_Gap.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Anion Gap ID - 425187 A1 - Bladh,Mickey Lynn, AU - Van Leeuwen,Anne M, BT - Davis's Laboratory & Diagnostic Tests UR - https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Davis-Lab-and-Diagnostic-Tests/425187/all/Anion_Gap PB - F.A. Davis Company ET - 7 DB - Nursing Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -