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Lipid fractionation; lipoprotein phenotyping; 3ga1-lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL); β-lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL); pre-β-lipoprotein cholesterol, very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL).
To assist in categorizing lipoprotein as an indicator of cardiac health.
Serum collected in a gold-, red-, or red/gray-top tube.
(Method: Electrophoresis and 4°C test for specimen appearance) There is no quantitative interpretation of this test. The specimen appearance and electrophoretic pattern is visually interpreted.
|Hyperlipoproteinemia: Fredrickson Type||Specimen Appearance||Electrophoretic Pattern|
|Type I||Clear with creamy top layer||Heavy chylomicron band|
|Type IIa||Clear||Heavy β band|
|Type IIb||Clear or faintly turbid||Heavy β and pre-β bands|
|Type III||Slightly to moderately turbid||Heavy β band|
|Type IV||Slightly to moderately turbid||Heavy pre-β band|
|Type V||Slightly to moderately turbid with creamy top layer||Intense chylomicron band and heavy β and pre-β bands|