Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Various Sites (Abdomen, Blood Vessels, Brain, Breast, Chest, Musculoskeletal, Pancreas, Pelvis, Pituitary)
Nursing Central is the award-winning, complete mobile solution for nurses and students. Look up information on diseases, tests, and procedures; then consult the database with 5,000+ drugs or refer to 65,000+ dictionary terms. Explore these free sample topics:
-- The first section of this topic is shown below --
Magnetic resonance angiography: MRA; magnetic resonance imaging: MRI.
To visualize and assess internal organs/structures and blood vessels for abnormal or absent anatomical features, abscess, aneurysm, cancer or other masses, infection, or presence of disease. Used as an evaluation tool for surgical, radiation, and medical therapeutic interventions.
General: There are no food, fluid, activity, or medication restrictions unless by medical direction. MRA: Some protocols may require the patient to restrict prescribed oral iron supplements prior to the study because the iron may interfere with the study results. Restriction of food, fluids, alcohol, nicotine, and caffeine for 1 to 2 hr before the procedure may also be required in order to avoid vasoconstriction or vasodilation as well as nausea and vomiting related to anxiety while in the MRI scanner.
- MRA: Normal blood flow/rate in the area being examined.
- MRI: Normal anatomic structures, function, soft tissue density, and biochemical constituents of body tissues, including blood flow/rate.
Critical Findings and Potential Interventions
- Acute gastrointestinal (GI) bleed
- Aortic aneurysm
- Aortic dissection
- Cerebral aneurysm
- Cerebral emboli
- Cerebral infarct
- Pulmonary emboli
- Skull fracture or contusion
- Tumor with significant mass effect
- Vertebral artery dissection
Timely notification to the requesting health-care provider (HCP) of any critical findings and related symptoms is a role expectation of the professional nurse. A listing of these findings varies among facilities.