Antigliadin Antibody (Immunoglobulin G and Immunoglobulin A), Antiendomysial Antibody (Immunoglobulin A), and Antitissue Transglutaminase Antibody (Immunoglobulin A)

Antigliadin Antibody (Immunoglobulin G and Immunoglobulin A), Antiendomysial Antibody (Immunoglobulin A), and Antitissue Transglutaminase Antibody (Immunoglobulin A) is a topic covered in the Davis's Lab & Diagnostic Tests.

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Synonym/Acronym:
Endomysial antibodies (EMA), gliadin deamidated peptide (IgG and IgA) antibodies, tTG.

Rationale
To assist in the diagnosis and monitoring of gluten-sensitive enteropathies that may damage intestinal mucosa.

Patient Preparation
There are no food, fluid, activity, or medication restrictions unless by medical direction.

Normal Findings
Method: Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for gliadin antibody and tissue transglutaminase antibody; indirect immunofluorescence for endomysial antibodies.

Conventional Units
IgA and IgG gliadin antibodyLess than 20 units
Tissue transglutaminase antibodyLess than 20 units
Endomysial antibodiesNegative

Critical Findings and Potential Interventions
N/A

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