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emetic

emetic is a topic covered in the Taber's Medical Dictionary.

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(ĕ-mĕt′ĭk )

[Gr. emein, to vomit]
An agent that promotes vomiting. An emetic may induce vomiting by irritating the gastrointestinal tract or by stimulating the chemoreceptor trigger zone of the central nervous system. Some drugs, such as narcotic pain relievers and chemotherapeutic agents used to treat cancer, have emetic properties as unwanted side effects of their administration.
SEE: vomiting; SEE: vomitus

TREATMENT OF DRUG OVERDOSES
Drugs that promote vomiting (such as syrup of ipecac and apomorphine hydrochloride) are given occasionally to treat toxic ingestions. Gastric lavage or the oral administration of activated charcoal usually is preferred for the management of patients who have overdosed on medications, because these methods are generally safer, better tolerated, and more effective than are emetics. Emetics are particularly hazardous in patients with altered mental status or patients who have ingested petroleum distillates, because of the risk of aspiration, and in patients who have ingested corrosive agents, because the emetic drug may worsen the injury to the esophagus and oropharynx. Emetics are also contraindicated in patients with known cardiac or epileptic disorders because they occasionally trigger seizures or arrhythmias.
SYN: SEE: emetogenic

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Citation

Venes, Donald, editor. "Emetic." Taber's Medical Dictionary, 23rd ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Nursing Central, nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/731233/0/emetic.
Emetic. In: Venes D, ed. Taber's Medical Dictionary. 23rd ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/731233/0/emetic. Accessed June 15, 2019.
Emetic. (2017). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Taber's Medical Dictionary. Available from https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/731233/0/emetic
Emetic [Internet]. In: Venes D, editors. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 June 15]. Available from: https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/731233/0/emetic.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - emetic ID - 731233 ED - Venes,Donald, BT - Taber's Medical Dictionary UR - https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/731233/0/emetic PB - F.A. Davis Company ET - 23 DB - Nursing Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -