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[periodonti(um) + -itis]
Inflammation and/or degeneration of the dental periosteum, alveolar bone, cementum, and adjacent gingiva. Suppuration usually occurs, supporting bone is resorbed, teeth become loose, and gingival recession occurs. This condition usually follows chronic gingivitis, necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, or poor dental hygiene. Systemic factors may also predispose one to this condition.
SYN: SEE: pericementitis; SEE: Riggs disease SEE TABLE: Symptoms and Signs of Periodontitis
Symptoms and Signs of Periodontitis
• Gums bleed during brushing or flossing
• Gums are puffy or swollen
• Gums have a bright red appearance
• Gum line has receded, giving the teeth a longer appearance
• Bad breath persists even after brushing and flossing

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