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lavender

General

Complementary/Alternative Medicine: This monograph describes a natural or herbal product that is not subject to FDA guidelines for medicines. Patients and clinicians are advised to read package labels carefully to ensure safe and efficacious use.

Pronunciation:
lav-uhn-der


Trade Name(s)

  • Lavandula angustifolia
  • alhucema

Ther. Class.
hair regrowth stimulants
antidepressants

Common Uses

  • Alopecia areata.
  • Depression.
  • Insomnia.

Action

Lavender decreases EEG potentials and decreases alertness and seems to induce relaxation and sedation. Lavender's stimulant effect on hair growth is not fully understood.

Therapeutic Effect(s):

  • Improved hair growth.
  • Improved sleep.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption: Unknown

Distribution: Unknown

Metabolism and Excretion: Unknown

Half-life: Unknown

TIME/ACTION PROFILE

ONSETPEAKDURATION
PO, topicalunknownunknownunknown

Contraindication/Precautions

Contraindicated in:

  • Hypersensitivity.
  • Pregnancy.

Use Cautiously in:

  • Children (topical use in prepubertal boys may result in gynecomastia).
  • Discontinue use 2 wk prior to elective surgical procedures (additive CNS depressant effects with anesthetic agents).

Adverse Reactions/Side Effects

CNS: headache

Derm: dermatitis (with topical use)

GI: constipation, increased appetite

Endo: gynecomastia (with topical use in prepubertal boys)

* CAPITALS indicate life-threatening.
Underline indicate most frequent.

Interactions

Natural Drug Interaction

Lavender can potentiate the therapeutics effects of barbiturates, and CNS depressants..

Natural-Natural:

None.

Route/Dosage

PO: (Adults) Depression –60 drops/day tincture of lavender (1:5 in 50% alcohol) for 4 weeks.

Topical: (Adults) Alopecia areata– 3 drops (108 mg) of lavender oil.

Inhaln: (Adults) Insomnia– vaporized lavender oil has been used as aromatherapy.

Availability

Dried flower
Essential oil

Assessment

  • Assess mood and sleep pattern periodically during therapy.

Lab Test Considerations:

Monitor lipid levels and coagulation panel periodically during therapy.

Potential Diagnoses

  • Sleep deprivation (Indications)

Implementation

  • PO: Diluted tincture may be taken in alcohol or tea.
  • Topical: Combine with other essential oils and massage into scalp nightly for 2 minutes with a warm towel around head to increase absorption.

Patient/Family Teaching

  • Instruct patient to dilute and take as directed. Undiluted essential oil of lavender may be poisonous if taken by mouth.
  • Instruct patient in correct technique for use for alopecia.
  • Advise female patient to notify health care professional if pregnancy is planned or suspected or if breastfeeding.

Evaluation/Desired Outcomes

  • Improvement in sleep pattern and mood.
  • Reduction of alopecia.
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Citation

Quiring, Courtney, et al. "Lavender." Davis's Drug Guide, 16th ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2019. Nursing Central, nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Davis-Drug-Guide/110082/all/lavender.
Quiring C, Sanoski CA, Vallerand AH. Lavender. Davis's Drug Guide. 16th ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2019. https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Davis-Drug-Guide/110082/all/lavender. Accessed April 20, 2019.
Quiring, C., Sanoski, C. A., & Vallerand, A. H. (2019). Lavender. In Davis's Drug Guide. Available from https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Davis-Drug-Guide/110082/all/lavender
Quiring C, Sanoski CA, Vallerand AH. Lavender [Internet]. In: Davis's Drug Guide. F.A. Davis Company; 2019. [cited 2019 April 20]. Available from: https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Davis-Drug-Guide/110082/all/lavender.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - lavender ID - 110082 A1 - Quiring,Courtney, AU - Sanoski,Cynthia A, AU - Vallerand,April Hazard, BT - Davis's Drug Guide UR - https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Davis-Drug-Guide/110082/all/lavender PB - F.A. Davis Company ET - 16 DB - Nursing Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -