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Lactic Acid

Lactic Acid is a topic covered in the Davis's Lab & Diagnostic Tests.

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General

Synonym/Acronym:
Lactate.

Common Use:
To assess for lactic acid acidosis related to poor organ perfusion and liver failure. May also be used to differentiate between lactic acid acidosis and ketoacidosis by evaluating blood glucose levels.

Specimen:
Plasma collected in a gray-top (sodium fluoride) or a green-top (lithium heparin) tube. Specimen should be transported tightly capped and in an ice slurry.

Normal Findings:
(Method: Spectrophotometry/enzymatic analysis)

Conventional UnitsSI Units (Conventional Units × 0.111)
0–90 d3–32 mg/dL0.3–3.6 mmol/L
3–24 mo3–30 mg/dL0.3–3.3 mmol/L
2 yr–adult3–23 mg/dL0.3–2.6 mmol/L

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Citation

Bladh, Mickey Lynn., and Anne M. Van Leeuwen. "Lactic Acid." Davis's Lab & Diagnostic Tests, 7th ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Nursing Central, nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Davis-Lab-and-Diagnostic-Tests/425266/all/Lactic_Acid.
Bladh ML, Van Leeuwen AM. Lactic Acid. Davis's Lab & Diagnostic Tests. 7th ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Davis-Lab-and-Diagnostic-Tests/425266/all/Lactic_Acid. Accessed April 22, 2019.
Bladh, M. L., & Van Leeuwen, A. M. (2017). Lactic Acid. In Davis's Lab & Diagnostic Tests. Available from https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Davis-Lab-and-Diagnostic-Tests/425266/all/Lactic_Acid
Bladh ML, Van Leeuwen AM. Lactic Acid [Internet]. In: Davis's Lab & Diagnostic Tests. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 April 22]. Available from: https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Davis-Lab-and-Diagnostic-Tests/425266/all/Lactic_Acid.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Lactic Acid ID - 425266 A1 - Bladh,Mickey Lynn, AU - Van Leeuwen,Anne M, BT - Davis's Laboratory & Diagnostic Tests UR - https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Davis-Lab-and-Diagnostic-Tests/425266/all/Lactic_Acid PB - F.A. Davis Company ET - 7 DB - Nursing Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -