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Semen Analysis

Semen Analysis is a topic covered in the Davis's Lab & Diagnostic Tests.

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Nursing Central

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General

Synonym/Acronym:
N/A

Common Use:
To assess for male infertility related to disorders such as obstruction, testicular failure, and atrophy.

Specimen:
Semen from ejaculate specimen collected in a clean, dry, glass container known to be free of detergent. The specimen container should be kept at body temperature (37°C) during transportation.

Normal Findings:
(Method: Macroscopic and microscopic examination)

TestNormal Result
Volume2–5 mL
ColorWhite or opaque
AppearanceViscous (pours in droplets, not clumps or strings)
Clotting and liquefactionComplete in 15–20 min, rarely over 60 min
pH7.2–8
Sperm countGreater than 15 million/mL
Total sperm countGreater than 39 million/ejaculate
MotilityAt least 40% at 60 min
Vitality (membrane intact)At least 58%
MorphologyGreater than 25%–30% normal oval-headed forms
The number of normal sperm is calculated by multiplying the total sperm count by the percentage of normal forms.

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Citation

Bladh, Mickey Lynn., and Anne M. Van Leeuwen. "Semen Analysis." Davis's Lab & Diagnostic Tests, 7th ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Nursing Central, nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Davis-Lab-and-Diagnostic-Tests/425296/all/Semen_Analysis.
Bladh ML, Van Leeuwen AM. Semen Analysis. Davis's Lab & Diagnostic Tests. 7th ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Davis-Lab-and-Diagnostic-Tests/425296/all/Semen_Analysis. Accessed April 21, 2019.
Bladh, M. L., & Van Leeuwen, A. M. (2017). Semen Analysis. In Davis's Lab & Diagnostic Tests. Available from https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Davis-Lab-and-Diagnostic-Tests/425296/all/Semen_Analysis
Bladh ML, Van Leeuwen AM. Semen Analysis [Internet]. In: Davis's Lab & Diagnostic Tests. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 April 21]. Available from: https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Davis-Lab-and-Diagnostic-Tests/425296/all/Semen_Analysis.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Semen Analysis ID - 425296 A1 - Bladh,Mickey Lynn, AU - Van Leeuwen,Anne M, BT - Davis's Laboratory & Diagnostic Tests UR - https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Davis-Lab-and-Diagnostic-Tests/425296/all/Semen_Analysis PB - F.A. Davis Company ET - 7 DB - Nursing Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -