Peritoneal Fluid Analysis

Peritoneal Fluid Analysis is a topic covered in the Davis's Lab & Diagnostic Tests.

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General

Synonym/Acronym:
Ascites fluid analysis.

Common Use:
To evaluate and classify the type of fluid within the peritoneal cavity to assist with diagnosis of cancer, infection, necrosis, and perforation.

Specimen:
Peritoneal fluid collected in a red- or green-top (heparin) tube for amylase, glucose, and alkaline phosphatase; lavender-top (EDTA) tube for cell count; sterile containers for microbiology specimens; fluid in a clear container with anticoagulant for cytology. Ensure that there is an equal amount of fixative and fluid in the container for cytology.

Normal Findings:
(Method: Spectrophotometry for glucose, amylase, and alkaline phosphatase; automated or manual cell count, macroscopic examination of cultured organisms, and microscopic examination of specimen for microbiology and cytology; microscopic examination of cultured microorganisms)

Peritoneal FluidReference Value
AppearanceClear
ColorPale yellow
AmylaseParallels serum values
Alkaline phosphataseParallels serum values
CEAParallels serum values
GlucoseParallels serum values
Red blood cell countNone seen
White blood cell countLess than 300 cells/microL
CultureNo growth
Acid-fast stainNo organisms seen
Gram stainNo organisms seen
CytologyNo abnormal cells seen

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Citation

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TY - ELEC T1 - Peritoneal Fluid Analysis ID - 425372 Y1 - 2017 PB - Davis's Laboratory & Diagnostic Tests UR - https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Davis-Lab-and-Diagnostic-Tests/425372/all/Peritoneal_Fluid_Analysis ER -