Newborn Screening is a topic covered in the Davis's Lab & Diagnostic Tests.

To view the entire topic, please or purchase a subscription.

Nursing Central is the award-winning, complete mobile solution for nurses and students. Look up information on diseases, tests, and procedures; then consult the database with 5,000+ drugs or refer to 65,000+ dictionary terms. Explore these free sample topics:

Nursing Central

-- The first section of this topic is shown below --

General

Synonym/Acronym:
NBS, newborn metabolic screening, tests for inborn errors of metabolism, early hearing loss detection and intervention for newborns.

Common Use:
To evaluate newborns for congenital abnormalities, which may include hearing loss; identification of hemoglobin variants such as thalassemias and sickle cell anemia; presence of antibodies that would indicate a HIV infection; or metabolic disorders such as homocystinuria, maple syrup urine disease (MSUD), phenylketonuria (PKU), tyrosinuria, and unexplained physical or intellectual disabilities.

Area Of Application:
Ears for hearing tests.

Specimen:
Whole blood for metabolic tests.

Normal Findings:
(Method: Thyroxine, TSH, and HIV—immunoassay; amino acids—tandem mass spectrometry; hemoglobin variants—electrophoresis)

Hearing Test
AgeNormal Findings
Neonates–3 dNormal pure tone average of –10 to 15 dB
Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
AgeConventional UnitsSI Units (Conventional Units × 1)
Neonates–3 dLess than 40 micro-international units/mLLess than 40 milli-international units/L
Thyroxine, Total
AgeConventional UnitsSI Units (Conventional Units × 12.9)
Neonates–30 d5.4–22.6 mcg/dL69.7–291.5 nmol/L
HemoglobinopathiesNormal Hemoglobin Pattern
Blood spot amino acid analysisNormal findings. Numerous amino acids are evaluated by blood spot testing, and values vary by method and laboratory. The testing laboratory should be consulted for corresponding reference ranges.
HIV antibodiesNegative

-- To view the remaining sections of this topic, please or purchase a subscription --

Citation

* When formatting your citation, note that all book, journal, and database titles should be italicized* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Newborn Screening ID - 425429 Y1 - 2017 PB - Davis's Laboratory & Diagnostic Tests UR - https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Davis-Lab-and-Diagnostic-Tests/425429/all/Newborn_Screening ER -