[Abbr. of c(ardiac) o(utput), as measured by the t(hermo)d(ilution) of blood]
An invasive method of measuring cardiac output that relies on the advancement of a catheter through central veins into the right ventricle.
A cool or room temperature tracer is injected, and the thermal decay (or heating of the blood followed by thermal decay) is used to determine the cardiac output.
Venes, Donald, editor. "CO(TD)." Taber's Medical Dictionary, 24th ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2021. Nursing Central, nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/729392/all/CO_TD_.
CO(TD). In: Venes DD, ed. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2021. https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/729392/all/CO_TD_. Accessed November 29, 2023.
CO(TD). (2021). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Taber's Medical Dictionary (24th ed.). F.A. Davis Company. https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/729392/all/CO_TD_
CO(TD) [Internet]. In: Venes DD, editors. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2021. [cited 2023 November 29]. Available from: https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/729392/all/CO_TD_.
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