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[iris + -itis] An inflammation of the iris.
SYMPTOMS In iritis, there is pain, photophobia, lacrimation, and diminution of vision. The iris appears swollen, dull, and muddy; the pupil contracted, irregular, and sluggish in reaction.
Iritis may be secondary to systemic disease such as ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, collagen vascular disease, sarcoid, infectious agents, or HLA-B27.
TREATMENT Steroids are used topically and occasionally systemically. Mydriatic or cycloplegic drugs are used for symptomatic relief. Cortisone or hydrocortisone is used systemically as well as topically. If the primary disease causing the iritis is known, it should be treated; however, the etiological factor is usually not known.
Ophthalmic corticosteroids should be prescribed only by an ophthalmologist or other physician skilled in their use and side effects.
Venes, Donald, editor. "Iritis." Taber's Medical Dictionary, 23rd ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Nursing Central, nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/730905/all/iritis.
Iritis. In: Venes D, ed. Taber's Medical Dictionary. 23rd ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/730905/all/iritis. Accessed April 24, 2019.
Iritis. (2017). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Taber's Medical Dictionary. Available from https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/730905/all/iritis
Iritis [Internet]. In: Venes D, editors. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 April 24]. Available from: https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/730905/all/iritis.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC
T1 - iritis
ID - 730905
ED - Venes,Donald,
BT - Taber's Medical Dictionary
UR - https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/730905/all/iritis
PB - F.A. Davis Company
ET - 23
DB - Nursing Central
DP - Unbound Medicine