disease is a topic covered in the Taber's Medical Dictionary.

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(diz-ēz′ )

[Fr. desaise, fr. des, from + aise, ease]
A condition marked by subjective complaints, a specific history, clinical signs and symptoms, and laboratory or radiographic findings. Disease and illness differ in that disease is usually objective and tangible or measurable, whereas illness (and associated pain, suffering, or distress) is subjective and personal. Thus, a person may have a serious but symptom-free disease (such as hypertension) without illness. Conversely, a person may be extremely ill (such as with posttraumatic stress disorder) but have no obvious evidence of disease.
Particular diseases are listed under the first word. e.g., SEE: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; SEE: foot and mouth disease; SEE: inflammatory bowel disease; SEE TABLE: Fungal Diseases

Fungal Diseases

Disease NameFungusPresentationSusceptibility
AspergillosisAspergillus fumigatus (and other Aspergillus species)Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA); aspergilloma; invasive or disseminated (bloodstream) infectionPersons with asthma, other allergic diseases, cystic fibrosis. Aspergilloma/invasive disease: most affected persons are immunosuppressed
BlastomycosisBlastomyces dermatitidisPneumonia; skin infections; disseminated infectionsEndemic in the central U.S. Infection most common after camping, fishing, hunting
CandidiasisCandida albicans, C. glabrata (and other Candida species)Diaper rash; oral thrush; vaginitis; esophagitis; sepsis with dissemination to multiple organsPeople with burns; recent antibiotic therapy; diabetes mellitus; indwelling catheters; immunosuppressant diseases, therapies, or conditions
CoccidioidomycosisCoccidioides immitisPneumonia; bone infection; skin abscesses; meningitisEndemic in the southwestern U.S. and parts of Central America. Infection common near construction projects; after earthquakes or other soil disturbances
CryptococcosisCryptococcus neoformansMeningitis; pneumonia; skin infectionsFound in soil and pigeon droppings. Most affected persons are immunosuppressed
DermatophytosisTinea speciesAthlete's foot (Tinea pedis); beard (Tinea barbae); chest and back (Tinea corporis); groin (Tinea cruris); scalp (Tinea capitis); othersInfection often develops on warm, moist skin
HistoplasmosisHistoplasma capsulatumPneumoniaEndemic in the Mississippi and Ohio River Valleys and parts of Central America; near caves; poultry farms
PhaeohyphomycosisVarious dematiaceous fungi, e.g., Cladophialophora, Bipolaris, Exophiala, Wangiella speciesSkin infections; brain infectionsEndemic in tropical countries; local skin disease may result from cuts or scratches. Disseminated disease occurs in the immunosuppressed
PneumocystosisPneumocystis cariniiPneumonia; disseminated infectionsMost affected persons are immunosuppressed
SporotrichosisSporothrix schenckiiSkin infections; lung, bone, joint, and disseminated infectionsOutdoor skin exposures, e.g., gardening, landscaping Lung and disseminated infections most common in alcoholics, persons with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), diabetes mellitus, or immunosuppression
Mucormycosis; ZygomycosisAbsidia, Mucor, Rhizopus and other speciesSkin infections; pneumonia; invasive sinus and brain infectionsPersons with poorly controlled diabetes mellitus or immune suppressing diseases, therapies, or conditions

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