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[pharyng- + -itis] Inflammation of the mucous membranes and lymphoid tissues of the pharynx, usually as a result of infection.
INCIDENCE In the U.S., approx. 11 million are diagnosed annually with all forms of pharyngitis.
CAUSES The disease typically is caused by viral or bacterial infections, including influenza virus, Streptococcus pyogenes, or Mycoplasma pneumoniae. Occasionally, diphtheria or Candida albicans is responsible.
SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS The predominant symptom is throat pain. Fever, malaise, muscle aches, and painful swallowing are often present.
DIAGNOSIS It is difficult to distinguish between viral and bacterial causes of sore throat based on symptoms alone; throat swabs may be taken to rule out a bacterial cause.
TREATMENT Gargling with warm salty water provides topical relief. Analgesic drugs, fluids, throat lozenges, or topical anesthetics also are helpful. If clinical suspicion, rapid tests, or culture results identify streptococci, penicillin or an erythromycin is usually curative.
Venes, Donald, editor. "Pharyngitis." Taber's Medical Dictionary, 23rd ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Nursing Central, nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/733792/all/gangrenous_pharyngitis.
Pharyngitis. In: Venes D, ed. Taber's Medical Dictionary. 23rd ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/733792/all/gangrenous_pharyngitis. Accessed June 17, 2019.
Pharyngitis. (2017). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Taber's Medical Dictionary. Available from https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/733792/all/gangrenous_pharyngitis
Pharyngitis [Internet]. In: Venes D, editors. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 June 17]. Available from: https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/733792/all/gangrenous_pharyngitis.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC
T1 - pharyngitis
ID - 733792
ED - Venes,Donald,
BT - Taber's Medical Dictionary
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PB - F.A. Davis Company
ET - 23
DB - Nursing Central
DP - Unbound Medicine