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vitiligo

vitiligo is a topic covered in the Taber's Medical Dictionary.

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(vĭt-ĭl-ī′gō )

[L.]
A skin disorder characterized by the localized loss of melanocytes, with patchy loss of skin pigment. The depigmented areas, which appear most commonly on the hands, face, and genital region, are flat and pale and surrounded by normal pigmentation. Vitiligo affects all ages and races but is most noticeable in people with dark skin. The cause is unknown, but may be an autoimmune process because autoantibodies to melanocytes have been identified and vitiligo often occurs with autoimmune diseases.
SYN: SEE: leukoderma; SEE: piebald skin.


VITILIGO

TREATMENT
Oral and topical synthetic trioxsalen and a natural psoralen, methoxsalen, are used with exposure to long-wave ultraviolet light, but the efficacy is doubtful. The lesions may be masked by use of cosmetic preparations. Vitiliginous areas should be protected from sunburn by applying a 5% aminobenzoic acid solution or gel to the affected areas. The use of 5% fluorouracil cream applied under an occlusive dressing to the depigmented areas may cause erosion of the dermis and, after re-epithelialization, pigment may reappear.


VITILIGO

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Citation

Venes, Donald, editor. "Vitiligo." Taber's Medical Dictionary, 23rd ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Nursing Central, nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/736631/all/vitiligo.
Vitiligo. In: Venes D, ed. Taber's Medical Dictionary. 23rd ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/736631/all/vitiligo. Accessed June 17, 2019.
Vitiligo. (2017). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Taber's Medical Dictionary. Available from https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/736631/all/vitiligo
Vitiligo [Internet]. In: Venes D, editors. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 June 17]. Available from: https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/736631/all/vitiligo.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - vitiligo ID - 736631 ED - Venes,Donald, BT - Taber's Medical Dictionary UR - https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/736631/all/vitiligo PB - F.A. Davis Company ET - 23 DB - Nursing Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -