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[hypo- + calci- + -emia] An abnormally low amount of calcium in the blood. It occurs transiently in patients with severe sepsis, severe pancreatitis, burns, and acute renal failure. It also may result from multiple transfusions with citrated blood, parathyroidectomy, malabsorption, and medications such as protamine, heparin, and glucagon. Chronic hypocalcemia may be caused by chronic renal failure, hypoalbuminemia, and malnutrition. Clinical manifestations in chronic hypocalcemia include muscle spasm, carpopedal spasm, grimacing, possible convulsions, and mental changes such as irritability, depression, and psychosis. Treatment consists of calcium infusions and appropriate therapy for the causative disease.
Venes, Donald, editor. "Hypocalcemia." Taber's Medical Dictionary, 23rd ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Nursing Central, nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/737870/0/hypocalcemia.
Hypocalcemia. In: Venes D, ed. Taber's Medical Dictionary. 23rd ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/737870/0/hypocalcemia. Accessed October 22, 2019.
Hypocalcemia. (2017). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Taber's Medical Dictionary. Available from https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/737870/0/hypocalcemia
Hypocalcemia [Internet]. In: Venes D, editors. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 October 22]. Available from: https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/737870/0/hypocalcemia.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC
T1 - hypocalcemia
ID - 737870
ED - Venes,Donald,
BT - Taber's Medical Dictionary
UR - https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/737870/0/hypocalcemia
PB - F.A. Davis Company
ET - 23
DB - Nursing Central
DP - Unbound Medicine