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[hyper- + ventilation] Increased minute volume ventilation, which results in a lowered carbon dioxide (CO2) level (hypocapnia). It is a frequent finding in many disease processes such as asthma, metabolic acidosis, pulmonary embolism, and pulmonary edema, and also in anxiety-induced states.
TREATMENT Treatment is directed at the underlying cause. Immediate therapy for panic attacks consists of coaching the patient to slow down the breathing process to decrease the rate of blowing off CO2. One way to do this is to have the patient breathe through only one nostril, with the mouth closed. Having the patient breathe in and out of a paper bag is discouraged, as it leads to hypoxemia. After the acute phase of the hyperventilation has been managed, the underlying cause of the problem must be determined.
Venes, Donald, editor. "Hyperventilation." Taber's Medical Dictionary, 23rd ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Nursing Central, nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/740400/all/hyperventilation.
Hyperventilation. In: Venes D, ed. Taber's Medical Dictionary. 23rd ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/740400/all/hyperventilation. Accessed November 15, 2019.
Hyperventilation. (2017). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Taber's Medical Dictionary. Available from https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/740400/all/hyperventilation
Hyperventilation [Internet]. In: Venes D, editors. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 November 15]. Available from: https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/740400/all/hyperventilation.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC
T1 - hyperventilation
ID - 740400
ED - Venes,Donald,
BT - Taber's Medical Dictionary
UR - https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/740400/all/hyperventilation
PB - F.A. Davis Company
ET - 23
DB - Nursing Central
DP - Unbound Medicine