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[Singhalese, reduplication of beri, weakness] A disease marked by peripheral neurologic, cerebral, and cardiovascular abnormalities and caused by a lack of thiamine. Early deficiency produces fatigue, irritability, poor memory, sleep disturbances, chest pain, anorexia, abdominal discomfort, and constipation. Beriberi is endemic in Asia, the Philippines, and other islands of the Pacific. SYN: SEE: kakke
ETIOLOGY Deficiency is caused by subsistence on highly polished rice, which has lost all thiamine content through the milling process. Secondary deficiency can arise from decreased absorption, impaired absorption, or impaired utilization of thiamine.
TREATMENT Treatment consists of oral or parenteral administration of thiamine and eating a balanced diet.
Venes, Donald, editor. "Beriberi." Taber's Medical Dictionary, 23rd ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Nursing Central, nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/745484/all/beriberi.
Beriberi. In: Venes D, ed. Taber's Medical Dictionary. 23rd ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/745484/all/beriberi. Accessed October 14, 2019.
Beriberi. (2017). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Taber's Medical Dictionary. Available from https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/745484/all/beriberi
Beriberi [Internet]. In: Venes D, editors. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 October 14]. Available from: https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/745484/all/beriberi.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC
T1 - beriberi
ID - 745484
ED - Venes,Donald,
BT - Taber's Medical Dictionary
UR - https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/745484/all/beriberi
PB - F.A. Davis Company
ET - 23
DB - Nursing Central
DP - Unbound Medicine