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[¹an- + Gr. sphyxis, pulse] An insufficient intake of oxygen. asphyxial (-sē-ăl), adj.
ETIOLOGY Extrinsic causes include choking, toxic gases, exhaust gas (principally carbon monoxide), electric shock, drugs, anesthesia, trauma, crushing injuries of the chest, compression of the chest, injury of the respiratory nerves or centers, diminished environmental oxygenation, and drowning.
Intrinsic causes include hemorrhage into the lungs or pleural cavity, foreign bodies in the throat, swelling of the airways, diseases of the airways, ruptured aneurysm or abscess, edema of the lung, cardiac deficiency, tumors such as goiter, and pharyngeal and retropharyngeal abscesses. Other causes include paralysis of the respiratory center or of respiratory muscles, anesthesia, pneumothorax, narcotic drugs, electrocution, and child abuse.
SYMPTOMS In general, symptoms range in severity from dyspnea, palpitations, and impairment of consciousness, to coma, seizures, permanent brain injury, and death.
Venes, Donald, editor. "Asphyxia." Taber's Medical Dictionary, 23rd ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Nursing Central, nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/745639/all/local_asphyxia.
Asphyxia. In: Venes D, ed. Taber's Medical Dictionary. 23rd ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/745639/all/local_asphyxia. Accessed October 23, 2019.
Asphyxia. (2017). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Taber's Medical Dictionary. Available from https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/745639/all/local_asphyxia
Asphyxia [Internet]. In: Venes D, editors. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 October 23]. Available from: https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/745639/all/local_asphyxia.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC
T1 - asphyxia
ID - 745639
ED - Venes,Donald,
BT - Taber's Medical Dictionary
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PB - F.A. Davis Company
ET - 23
DB - Nursing Central
DP - Unbound Medicine