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[bili- + L. ruber, red + -in] C33H36O6N4; the yellow, brown or orange pigment in bile. It is derived metabolically from hemoglobin. A small amount is always present in plasma because of the breakdown of red blood cells. It is carried to the liver by the blood. There it is conjugated (made soluble in water) and excreted in the bile via the duodenum. As it passes through the intestines, some of it is converted into urobilinogen by bacterial enzymes, but most of it is excreted in feces. If urobilinogen passes into the circulation, it is excreted through the urine or reexcreted in the bile. The pathological accumulation of bilirubin in the body produces jaundice.
Venes, Donald, editor. "Bilirubin." Taber's Medical Dictionary, 23rd ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Nursing Central, nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/746961/all/bilirubin.
Bilirubin. In: Venes D, ed. Taber's Medical Dictionary. 23rd ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/746961/all/bilirubin. Accessed November 13, 2019.
Bilirubin. (2017). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Taber's Medical Dictionary. Available from https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/746961/all/bilirubin
Bilirubin [Internet]. In: Venes D, editors. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 November 13]. Available from: https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/746961/all/bilirubin.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC
T1 - bilirubin
ID - 746961
ED - Venes,Donald,
BT - Taber's Medical Dictionary
UR - https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/746961/all/bilirubin
PB - F.A. Davis Company
ET - 23
DB - Nursing Central
DP - Unbound Medicine