Mycobacterium is a topic covered in the Taber's Medical Dictionary.

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(mī″kō-bak-tir′ē-ŭm )

[myco- + bacterium]
A genus of slender, acid-fast, nonmotile, non-spore-forming bacilli of the family Mycobacteriaceae, which includes the causative agents of tuberculosis and leprosy. Species include M. africanum, M. avium intracellulare, M. bovis, M. chelonei, M. fortuitum, M. gastri, M. gordonae, M. kansasii, M. marinum, M. scrofulaceum, M. terrae, M. triviale, M. smegmatis, and M. xenopi.

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