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[hyper- + calci- + -emia] An excessive amount of calcium in the blood. Causes include primary hyperparathyroidism, lithium therapy, malignancies (such as solid tumors and hematological malignancies), vitamin D intoxication, hyperthyroidism, vitamin A intoxication, aluminum intoxication, and milk-alkali syndrome.
SYMPTOMS Clinically, fatigue, depression, confusion, nausea, vomiting, constipation, renal stones, increased urination, and occasional cardiac arrhythmias are present. A short Q-T interval is present.
TREATMENT Patients initially should be given hydration with saline, followed by diuretics after dehydration has been resolved. Bisphosphonates, glucocorticoids, and other drugs may be administered to lower serum calcium levels. Therapy is also directed at the underlying cause of the high serum calcium levels, e.g., by treating underlying malignancies or by excising overactive parathyroid glands.
Venes, Donald, editor. "Hypercalcemia." Taber's Medical Dictionary, 23rd ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Nursing Central, nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/748037/all/hypercalcemia.
Hypercalcemia. In: Venes D, ed. Taber's Medical Dictionary. 23rd ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/748037/all/hypercalcemia. Accessed October 19, 2019.
Hypercalcemia. (2017). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Taber's Medical Dictionary. Available from https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/748037/all/hypercalcemia
Hypercalcemia [Internet]. In: Venes D, editors. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 October 19]. Available from: https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/748037/all/hypercalcemia.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC
T1 - hypercalcemia
ID - 748037
ED - Venes,Donald,
BT - Taber's Medical Dictionary
UR - https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/748037/all/hypercalcemia
PB - F.A. Davis Company
ET - 23
DB - Nursing Central
DP - Unbound Medicine