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[L. perspirare, breathe through]
1. The secretion of the sweat (sudoriferous) glands of the skin; SEE: sweating. 2. The salty fluid secreted through the sweat glands of the skin; sweat. Essentially, the fluid is a weak solution of sodium chloride, but it also contains potassium, lactate, and urea. Perspiration is a means of removing heat from the body. Evaporation of 1 L of sweat removes 580 kcal of heat from the body. Sweat loss varies from 100 to 1000 mL/hr but may exceed those amounts in a hot climate.
Perspiration is increased by temperature and humidity of the atmosphere, exercise, pain, nausea, nervousness, mental excitement, dyspnea, diaphoretics, and shock. It is decreased by cold, diarrhea, other causes of profound dehydration, and using certain drugs.
Venes, Donald, editor. "Perspiration." Taber's Medical Dictionary, 23rd ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Nursing Central, nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/748039/all/perspiration.
Perspiration. In: Venes D, ed. Taber's Medical Dictionary. 23rd ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/748039/all/perspiration. Accessed November 22, 2019.
Perspiration. (2017). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Taber's Medical Dictionary. Available from https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/748039/all/perspiration
Perspiration [Internet]. In: Venes D, editors. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 November 22]. Available from: https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/748039/all/perspiration.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC
T1 - perspiration
ID - 748039
ED - Venes,Donald,
BT - Taber's Medical Dictionary
UR - https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/748039/all/perspiration
PB - F.A. Davis Company
ET - 23
DB - Nursing Central
DP - Unbound Medicine