Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

(kroyts′fĕlt-yah′kōp )

[Hans Gerhard Creutzfeldt, 1885-1964; Alfons Maria Jakob, 1884-1931, Ger. psychiatrists]
ABBR: CJD A central nervous system disease that causes rapidly progressive dementia usually accompanied by muscle jerking, difficulty walking, and aphasia. The causative agent is thought to be a prion, related to the causative agent of bovine spongiform encephalopathy. It can be transmitted from person-to-person by organ transplantation, transfusion, or the donation of other products. It is uniformly fatal in less than a year.
Descriptive text is not available for this imageThe causative agent of CJD is extremely resistant to most sterilization procedures.
SEE: Standard Precautions Appendix


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