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A thin, flexible penile sheath made of synthetic or natural materials. Condom typically refers to a male condom. Condoms are used commonly during sexual intercourse to prevent conception by capturing ejaculated semen. Latex condoms also shield against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Their effectiveness is affected by careful handling (to avoid punctures, tears, or slippage), usage before sexual contact (to prevent inadvertent transmission of sperm or germs), and allowing sufficient space for ejaculation (to prevent condom rupture). Consistent condom use can reduce the risk of transmission of HIV infection, for example, by about 80%. To avoid damage to condoms, only water-soluble lubricants should be used to facilitate vaginal entry. Condoms should not be reused. SEE: contraception; SEE: female condom; SEE: sexually transmitted disease;
CONDOM USE AND HIV RISK
Only a water-based lubricant such as K-Y Jelly should be used with a condom. Oil-based products begin to deteriorate latex in less than 1 min.