orchitis

orchitis is a topic covered in the Taber's Medical Dictionary.

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(or-kī′tĭs )

[Gr. orchis, testicle, + itis, inflammation]
Inflammation of a testis due to trauma, ischemia, metastasis, mumps, or infection elsewhere in the body.
SYN: SEE: testitis

SYMPTOMS
The symptoms of orchitis include swelling, pain, chills, fever, vomiting, hiccough, and in some patients, delirium. Atrophy of the organ may be an end result.

INCIDENCE AND PREVALENCE
With the widespread use of the mumps vaccine in childhood, infectious orchitis is uncommon, as are the atrophy and infertility resulting from it.

TREATMENT
The patient is confined to bed with the organ elevated and supported. An ice bag is applied. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are given.

orchitic (-kĭt′ĭk ), adj.

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