pl. adenomas pl. adenomata [aden- + -oma]
A benign tumor made of epithelial cells, usually arranged like a gland.
Initial care focuses on identifying the sites of tumors, performing biopsies or noninvasive studies to determine if they are benign or malignant, and discussing findings with the patient, the patient's family, and significant others. Disease-specific education is provided to explain diagnostic options and support the patient. Malignant adenomata may need surgical removal; they may be treated with a combination of therapies, including surgical removal, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, or chemotherapy. Patient education, esp. with respect to the side effects of therapies and implementing strategies to ameliorate the side effects, is crucial. General emotional support of the patient eases anxiety, isolation, and suffering.
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