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[hypo- + natremia] A decreased concentration of sodium in the bloodstream, typically less than 135 mmol/L. Hyponatremia is extremely common in clinical medicine and is caused by one of the following conditions: congestive heart failure, renal failure, cirrhosis; syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH); dehydration; thyroid or adrenal hormone dysfunction; side effects of drugs; psychogenic polydipsia; or laboratory error, i.e., pseudohyponatremia. Symptoms of hyponatremia include weakness, confusion, and anorexia. If serum sodium levels drop rapidly, seizures may occur. Treatment of hyponatremia depends on the underlying cause. hyponatremic (hī″pō-nā-trē′mik ), adj.
Venes, Donald, editor. "Hyponatremia." Taber's Medical Dictionary, 23rd ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Nursing Central, nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/751610/all/hyponatremic.
Hyponatremia. In: Venes D, ed. Taber's Medical Dictionary. 23rd ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/751610/all/hyponatremic. Accessed November 20, 2019.
Hyponatremia. (2017). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Taber's Medical Dictionary. Available from https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/751610/all/hyponatremic
Hyponatremia [Internet]. In: Venes D, editors. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 November 20]. Available from: https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/751610/all/hyponatremic.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC
T1 - hyponatremia
ID - 751610
ED - Venes,Donald,
BT - Taber's Medical Dictionary
UR - https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/751610/all/hyponatremic
PB - F.A. Davis Company
ET - 23
DB - Nursing Central
DP - Unbound Medicine