neuron is a topic covered in the Taber's Medical Dictionary.

To view the entire topic, please or purchase a subscription.

Nursing Central is the award-winning, complete mobile solution for nurses and students. Look up information on diseases, tests, and procedures; then consult the database with 5,000+ drugs or refer to 65,000+ dictionary terms. Explore these free sample topics:

Nursing Central

-- The first section of this topic is shown below --

(noor′on″ )

[Gr. neuron, nerve, sinew]
The structural and functional unit of the nervous system; a nerve cell. A neuron consists of a perikaryon (cell body) and its processes, an axon and one or more dendrites. Neurons function in the initiation and conduction of impulses. They transmit impulses to other neurons or cells by releasing neurotransmitters at synapses. In addition, a neuron may release neurohormones into the bloodstream.
SYN: SEE: nerve cell

Descriptive text is not available for this image

neuronal (noor′′ŏn-ăl ), adj.

-- To view the remaining sections of this topic, please or purchase a subscription --