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(spūt′ă) pl. sputa [L. sputum, spit, spittle] Mucus expelled from the lung by coughing. It may contain a variety of materials from the respiratory tract, including in some instances cellular debris, mucus, blood, pus, caseous material, and/or microorganisms.
CONDITIONS A wide variety of illnesses, including typical and atypical pneumonias, tuberculosis, cancers of the lungs or bronchi, reactive airway disease, and occupational diseases of the lungs can be diagnosed with gram staining or culturing of sputum, cytological examination of sputum, or the use of special stains and microscopic techniques.
The color or thickness of sputum is not a reliable diagnosis of an illness.
Venes, Donald, editor. "Sputum." Taber's Medical Dictionary, 23rd ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Nursing Central, nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/756325/all/nummular_sputum.
Sputum. In: Venes D, ed. Taber's Medical Dictionary. 23rd ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/756325/all/nummular_sputum. Accessed June 24, 2019.
Sputum. (2017). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Taber's Medical Dictionary. Available from https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/756325/all/nummular_sputum
Sputum [Internet]. In: Venes D, editors. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 June 24]. Available from: https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/756325/all/nummular_sputum.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC
T1 - sputum
ID - 756325
ED - Venes,Donald,
BT - Taber's Medical Dictionary
UR - https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/756325/all/nummular_sputum
PB - F.A. Davis Company
ET - 23
DB - Nursing Central
DP - Unbound Medicine