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1. A raised area that protrudes above the surrounding area.
2. The measured distance above a fixed object, e.g., the distance above sea level, or above a fixed anatomic structure.
3. The rise of a physiological variable above normal, e.g., in ophthalmology, the rise in intraocular pressure above what is healthy or normal; in serology, an increase in the level of an electrolyte or other blood test result.

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