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[epi- + nephr- + -in] C9H13NO3; a catecholamine produced by the adrenal gland, secreted when the sympathetic nervous system is stimulated. In the physiological response to stress, it is responsible for maintaining blood pressure and cardiac output, keeping airways open wide, and raising blood sugar levels. All these functions are useful to frightened, traumatized, injured, or sick humans and animals. The therapeutic uses of epinephrine are diverse. As one of the key agents used in advanced cardiac life support, it is helpful in treating asystole, ventricular arrhythmias and other forms of cardiac arrest. It also counteracts the effects of systemic allergic reactions (anaphylaxis) and is an effective bronchodilator. It can be used to control local hemorrhage by constricting blood vessels, prolonging the effects of local anesthesia. SEE: catecholamine
INCOMPATIBILITY Epinephrine is incompatible with light, heat, air, iron salts, and alkalies. SYN: SEE: adrenaline
Venes, Donald, editor. "Epinephrine." Taber's Medical Dictionary, 23rd ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Nursing Central, nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/759869/all/racemic_epinephrine.
Epinephrine. In: Venes D, ed. Taber's Medical Dictionary. 23rd ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/759869/all/racemic_epinephrine. Accessed December 11, 2019.
Epinephrine. (2017). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Taber's Medical Dictionary. Available from https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/759869/all/racemic_epinephrine
Epinephrine [Internet]. In: Venes D, editors. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 December 11]. Available from: https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/759869/all/racemic_epinephrine.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC
T1 - epinephrine
ID - 759869
ED - Venes,Donald,
BT - Taber's Medical Dictionary
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PB - F.A. Davis Company
ET - 23
DB - Nursing Central
DP - Unbound Medicine