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[L. tortus, twisted + L. collum, neck] Stiff neck associated with muscle spasm, classically causing lateral flexion contracture of the cervical spine musculature. It may be congenital or acquired. The muscles affected are principally those supplied by the spinal accessory nerve. SYN: SEE: wryneck
ETIOLOGY The condition may be caused by scars, disease of cervical vertebrae, adenitis, tonsillitis, rheumatism, enlarged cervical glands, retropharyngeal abscess, or cerebellar tumors. It may be spasmodic (clonic) or permanent (tonic). The latter type may be due to Pott disease (tuberculosis of the spine).
Venes, Donald, editor. "Torticollis." Taber's Medical Dictionary, 23rd ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Nursing Central, nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/761017/all/torticollis.
Torticollis. In: Venes D, ed. Taber's Medical Dictionary. 23rd ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/761017/all/torticollis. Accessed November 13, 2019.
Torticollis. (2017). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Taber's Medical Dictionary. Available from https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/761017/all/torticollis
Torticollis [Internet]. In: Venes D, editors. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 November 13]. Available from: https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/761017/all/torticollis.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC
T1 - torticollis
ID - 761017
ED - Venes,Donald,
BT - Taber's Medical Dictionary
UR - https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/761017/all/torticollis
PB - F.A. Davis Company
ET - 23
DB - Nursing Central
DP - Unbound Medicine