life expectancy

life expectancy is a topic covered in the Taber's Medical Dictionary.

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The number of years that an average person of a given age may be expected to live. Numerous factors influence life expectancy, including habits, e.g., smoking; chronic illnesses, e.g., heart failure, chronic kidney disease, or cancers; gender (women live longer than men); and socioeconomic status. In the U.S., the average life expectancy at birth is about 78 years. SEE TABLE: Life Expectancy by Sex, Age, and Race: 2008 SEE TABLE: Expectation of Life at Birth, 1970 to 2008, and Projections, 2010 to 2020*; SEE: years of life lost
Life Expectancy by Sex, Age, and Race: 2008

WhiteBlackTotal
Age (years)MaleFemaleMaleFemaleMaleFemale
Birth75.980.870.977.475.580.5
175.480.271.077.475.180.0
571.576.367.173.571.276.1
1066.571.362.268.566.271.1
1561.666.357.263.661.366.1
2056.861.452.658.756.561.2
2552.256.648.053.951.956.4
3047.551.743.549.147.251.5
3542.846.939.044.342.646.7
4038.142.134.539.637.941.9
4533.637.430.135.133.437.2
5029.232.826.030.829.032.7
5525.028.322.226.724.928.3
6021.024.018.722.720.924.0
6517.319.915.518.917.219.9
7013.716.012.615.413.716.0
7510.612.410.012.210.612.5
80 7.9 9.3 7.8 9.5 7.9 9.4
85 5.7 6.8 6.0 7.1 5.8 6.8
90 4.1 4.8 4.6 5.3 4.1 4.8
95 2.9 3.3 3.5 3.8 2.9 3.3
100 2.0 2.2 2.6 2.8 2.1 2.3

Expectation of Life at Birth, 1970 to 2008, and Projections, 2010 to 2020*
TotalWhiteBlack
YearMaleFemaleMaleFemaleMaleFemale
197067.174.768.075.660.068.3
198070.077.470.778.163.872.5
198170.477.871.178.464.573.2
198270.878.171.578.765.173.6
198371.078.171.678.765.273.5
198471.178.271.878.765.373.6
198571.178.271.878.765.073.4
198671.278.271.978.864.873.4
198771.478.372.178.964.773.4
198871.478.372.278.964.473.2
198971.778.572.579.264.373.3
199071.878.872.779.464.573.6
199172.078.972.979.664.673.8
199272.379.173.279.865.073.9
199372.278.873.179.564.673.7
199472.479.073.379.664.973.9
199572.578.973.479.665.273.9
199673.179.173.979.766.174.2
199773.679.474.379.967.274.7
199873.879.574.580.067.674.8
199973.979.474.679.967.874.7
200074.179.374.779.968.275.1
200174.279.474.879.968.475.2
200274.379.574.979.968.675.4
200374.579.675.080.068.875.6
200474.979.975.480.469.376.0
200574.979.975.480.469.376.1
200675.180.275.780.669.776.5
200775.480.475.980.870.076.8
2008 (preliminary)75.580.575.980.870.977.4
Projections:†:
201075.780.876.581.370.277.2
201576.481.477.181.871.478.2
202077.181.977.782.472.679.2

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