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bruise is a topic covered in the Taber's Medical Dictionary.

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[O. Fr. bruiser, to break]
A traumatic injury (usually to the skin but sometimes to internal organs) in which blood vessels are broken but tissue surfaces remain intact. Discoloration, swelling, inflammation, and pain are typical signs and symptoms. Fresh bruises on the skin are often red or purple. Older bruises may turn green and then yellow or brown, as the blood products within them age and are reabsorbed, but gauging the age of a bruise by its color is imprecise, at best. Bruising in infants may suggest occult child abuse. Bruising in older adults is more often an indication of the use of anticoagulant drugs than of physical mistreatment.
SYN: SEE: ecchymosis

Cold packs may reduce swelling and discomfort, esp. when provided soon after injury. Twenty-four to 48 hr later, application of heat may be desirable, followed by gentle massage.

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Venes, Donald, editor. "Bruise." Taber's Medical Dictionary, 23rd ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Nursing Central, nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/767873/all/bruise.
Bruise. In: Venes D, ed. Taber's Medical Dictionary. 23rd ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/767873/all/bruise. Accessed June 16, 2019.
Bruise. (2017). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Taber's Medical Dictionary. Available from https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/767873/all/bruise
Bruise [Internet]. In: Venes D, editors. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 June 16]. Available from: https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/767873/all/bruise.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - bruise ID - 767873 ED - Venes,Donald, BT - Taber's Medical Dictionary UR - https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/767873/all/bruise PB - F.A. Davis Company ET - 23 DB - Nursing Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -