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activities of daily living

activities of daily living is a topic covered in the Taber's Medical Dictionary.

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ABBR: ADL Tasks performed by people in a typical day that allow independent living. Basic activities of daily living (BADL) include feeding, dressing, hygiene, and mobility. Instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) include more advanced skills such as managing personal finances, using transportation, telephoning, cooking, performing household chores, doing laundry, and shopping.
The ability to perform activities of daily living may be hampered by illness or accident resulting in physical or mental disability. Health care rehabilitation workers play a significant role in teaching people to maintain or relearn these skills so that they can achieve the highest possible degree of independence.

The nurse and other members of the rehabilitation team, including occupational and physical therapists, assess the patient's ability to perform ADLs. The rehabilitation team instructs and trains the patient in techniques to relearn the skill, or to accommodate for inability to perform the task. Where appropriate, family members are involved in the rehabilitation program. Referrals to community agencies are arranged when specific tasks cannot be performed independently. SEE TABLE: Activities of Daily Living and Factors Affecting Them

Activities of Daily Living and Factors Affecting Them

CategoryActivitiesAffecting Factors
Personal careClimbing stairs, moving into and out of chair or bed, feeding oneself, opening containers, dressing, using toilet, maintaining hygiene, taking medicationAltered mobility, physical, mental, or emotional illness, elimination problems
Family responsibilitiesShopping, cooking, doing laundry, cleaning, caring for yard, caring for family and pets, managing moneyAltered mobility, heavy work schedule, insomnia, physical, mental, or emotional illness
Work or schoolFulfilling work responsibilities or school assignments, getting to and from work or schoolAltered mobility, stress, heavy family demands, job dissatisfaction, difficulties in school, physical, mental, or emotional illness
RecreationPursuing hobbies and interests, exercising, reading, watching televisionAltered mobility, physical, mental, or emotional illness
SocializationUsing the telephone, traveling, visiting family and friends, joining group activities, expressing sexualityAltered mobility, physical, mental, or emotional illness, relocation

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Venes, Donald, editor. "Activities of Daily Living." Taber's Medical Dictionary, 23rd ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Nursing Central, nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/768592/all/activities_of_daily_living.
Activities of daily living. In: Venes D, ed. Taber's Medical Dictionary. 23rd ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/768592/all/activities_of_daily_living. Accessed August 21, 2019.
Activities of daily living. (2017). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Taber's Medical Dictionary. Available from https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/768592/all/activities_of_daily_living
Activities of Daily Living [Internet]. In: Venes D, editors. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 August 21]. Available from: https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/768592/all/activities_of_daily_living.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - activities of daily living ID - 768592 ED - Venes,Donald, BT - Taber's Medical Dictionary UR - https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/768592/all/activities_of_daily_living PB - F.A. Davis Company ET - 23 DB - Nursing Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -