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Apgar score


[Virginia Apgar, U.S. anesthesiologist, 1909-1974]
A system for evaluating an infant's physical condition at birth. The infant's heart rate, respiration, muscle tone, response to stimuli, and color are rated at 1 min, and again at 5 min after birth. Each factor is scored 0, 1, or 2; the maximum total score is 10. Interpretation of scores: 7 to 10, good to excellent; 4 to 6, fair; less than 4, poor condition. A low score at 1 min is a sign of perinatal asphyxia and the need for immediate assisted ventilation. Infants with scores below 7 at 5 min should be assessed immediately to see if they require resuscitation. SEE TABLE: Apgar Score
Apgar Score

Heart rateAbsentSlow (less than 100)Greater than 100
Respiratory effortAbsentSlow, irregularGood; crying
Muscle toneLimpSome flexion of extremitiesActive motion
Reflex irritabilityNo responseGrimaceCry
Color*Blue, paleBody pink; extremities blueCompletely pink

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Venes, Donald, editor. "Apgar Score." Taber's Medical Dictionary, 23rd ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Nursing Central, nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/769351/all/Apgar_score.
Apgar score. In: Venes D, ed. Taber's Medical Dictionary. 23rd ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/769351/all/Apgar_score. Accessed July 22, 2019.
Apgar score. (2017). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Taber's Medical Dictionary. Available from https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/769351/all/Apgar_score
Apgar Score [Internet]. In: Venes D, editors. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 July 22]. Available from: https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/769351/all/Apgar_score.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Apgar score ID - 769351 ED - Venes,Donald, BT - Taber's Medical Dictionary UR - https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/769351/all/Apgar_score PB - F.A. Davis Company ET - 23 DB - Nursing Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -