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[L. injuria, injustice]
Blunt or penetrating trauma or damage to a part of the body. SEE: transportation of the injured; SEE TABLE: Traumatic Injuries
SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS
Various symptoms may occur depending on the nature, extent, and severity of the damage. Mild injury produces pain, tissue swelling, redness, and temporary disruption of tissue function. Severe injury may result in irretrievable loss of the function of an organ, massive hemorrhage, or shock.
|Type of Injury||Parts of the Body Frequently Affected||Common Causes|
|Amputation||Limbs||Explosions; motor vehicle accidents; falls|
|Bite||Hands; face||Pets (dogs and cats); humans (interpersonal violence)|
|Blast||Exposed body parts; hearing||Explosions|
|Burn||Limbs||Cooking; accidental fires|
|Contusion||Face; limbs; trunk||Falls; interpersonal violence; sports accidents|
|Crush||Limbs||Building collapse; motor vehicle accidents; occupational accidents|
|Dislocations||Limb joints||Falls; sports; vehicular accidents|
|Fractures||Long bones; vertebrae||Falls; sports; vehicular accidents|
|Inhalation||Airways; mouth, nasopharynx||Fires|
|Laceration||Limbs, face||Knives, glass, other sharp objects; falls; sports|
|Overuse||Tendons and muscles of the limbs||Repetitive use on the job or in sports|
|Penetration||Any||Gunshots; sharp objects|
|Traumatic brain injury||Head||Falls; sports; vehicular accidents|
Mechanisms of Brain Injury
|Type of Injury||Examples|
|Penetrating injury||Gunshot wounds|
|Contact injury||Injuries during boxing or helmet-to-helmet collisions in football|
|Acceleration-deceleration injury||Automotive collisions|
|Rotational acceleration-deceleration injury||Falls from a height|
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Venes, Donald, editor. "Injury." Taber's Medical Dictionary, 24th ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2021. Nursing Central, nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/758258/all/defensive_injury.
Injury. In: Venes DD, ed. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2021. https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/758258/all/defensive_injury. Accessed May 29, 2023.
Injury. (2021). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Taber's Medical Dictionary (24th ed.). F.A. Davis Company. https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/758258/all/defensive_injury
Injury [Internet]. In: Venes DD, editors. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2021. [cited 2023 May 29]. Available from: https://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/758258/all/defensive_injury.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
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